What Is Gender Equality Sociology Essay
Gender refers to both female and male, and also the relations between them. Gender equality, do we really put into practice? Yes, we have achieved the concept of gender equality in the contemporary society. Now the governments are always talking about the fair treatment for everyone. There is no difference in gender roles because now the society is more focus on gender equality. It is important to emphasize the concept of gender. Therefore, the concept of gender needs to be understood clearly because everyone should be respected, expected, allowed and valued in every aspect. Promotion of gender equality are concerned and engaged male as well as female. Implementing the gender equality will be required the equal representation and the participation of female and male in the category of decision-making, economy, job opportunities and civil life.
In the past, gender equality hardly to be achieved and both genders, female and male cannot reach their full potential in the society. It is because there are a lot of wrong concepts, wrong statements, and wrong judgements for the both genders. They form the wrong judgement and shape the attributes which influences the thinking on both genders and also the way we perceive depressed people. Gender stereotypes are generated in the past. They are always being stereotypes towards female and male as in male are more on decision-making, dealing the major issues whereas female should always stay at home and settle the minor things. Prejudice exists everywhere, with a prejudice comes a stereotype. Gender stereotypes are representing a bad message and tend to convey a negative impression to a person. It affects the judgement we form to the both genders. Everyone is unique, they has their own characteristics. It is extremely unfair if we are being stereotyped to a person because of their genders. Therefore, stereotype reflects the truths about the realities like not only male are always with courage and strong body to work, on the contrary, female even can perform better than male in every aspects.
Are there any difference in gender between female and male in the past if compare to the society now? Yes, there is a big difference as in denotes an element of interpretation of social justice. It is usually based on custom, tradition, culture and also religion, which is most often to the detriment to women. In the past, the equity in relation to the advancement of female is unacceptable. Their choices, opportunities and participations are restricted. Their restrictions have been considered as unimportant and non-exixtent. It is preventing women from fully realizing their rights to reproductive health and equality. In fact, the reality is extremely cruel to women as in their lives has been invisible to the world. There is a limitation on women to access to the basic resources such as education and health care. Everyone has to be educated to gain important knowledge in our lives because with a good education makes a big difference where we end up in life. On the contrary, education becomes a gender-imbalanced to a female because it seems to be pointless to send a female to school to get education. There are a large number of female’s issues that with instances of girls are not given the opportunity to get a proper education on studies. Discrimination in the field of education is always held on women. The status of women in the past has a direct effect on their lives. Women are considered as a strain in the field of resources in a family and therefore, they are not educated. Without education, women are hardly to voice out their own opinion, stand up for themselves monetarily as well we emotionally, and also hard to battle against the discrimination.
Besides, the illness of a woman is not regarded as equally demanding of professional help and they are hardly to seek out for health services for themselves because they have been conditioned in this way. Ironically, women produce food to the newborn but they can only receive a little of agricultural assistance. Women should know sewing? Women should know cooking? Women should do all the housework? In the past, the career of a woman is being a housewife and taking good care of the house. They are not supposed to know this and that. Therefore, they can only stay at home and finish all the housework without knowing what is happening in the world.
For men, they are more important than women in the past because they are an actor in developing countries and also patriarchal structures where husband or a leader of a team on decision-making. They are always being a leader as in controlling access to a large variety of resources such as health, educational services, finances and transportations. Engineer, miner, soldier, builder, all these are for male only. It is because they are expected to be strong and always with courage, bravery to work and perform better than female. Male are always emphasize traits such as toughness and strength in solving problems. They are not supposed to have weaknesses or vulnerabilities and conceal any emotional fragility as in they should not show feelings as these would make them appear weak or vulnerable.
On the contrary, gender equality had been achieved in the contemporary society as to compare to the past. Today, we all are accelerating efforts on advancing the gender equality and promoting women’s achievement by ensuring all our strategies and programs contribute so that the gender gaps will be reduced and will not slow down the development. Now the governments promote the gender equality in many aspects as in education, employment and emphasizing the fair treatment to both genders, female and male. It has reduced persistent on gender inequalities like giving fairness, equity and also the economic necessity for everyone. Everyone is also giving full cooperation and participation to achieve gender equality to ensure the fairness, strategies and measures between women and men. Now the society gives a lot of efforts on the process of being fair to both genders and also makes a big step on changing to compensate for women’s historical and social disadvantages on them to ensure that women can receive the same status and level as to compare to men. Equity leads to equality. Therefore, now the women are having the equal enjoyment like men of socially-valued goods, opportunities, resources and rewards since gender equality had been achieved. Before the achievement of gender equality, women are generally excluded on participating in relation to decision-making and access to economic and social resources. Therefore, there is a critical aspect of promoting the gender equality on the empowerment of women, more focus on redressing and identifying power imbalances to give women more autonomy so that they can manage their own lives in the contemporary society. The empowerment of women concerns women building self-confidence, expansion of choices, gaining power and have the ability to control their own lives. Now, women have more chances to control over resources and actions to transform the structures and the institutions which reinforce and perpetuate the gender discriminations and all the inequalities. They have the freedom to participate, to love, to protect more fully and equally in the society now.
Gender equality can be divided into categories of the participation, attainment and the entitlement of obtaining education. All these had been achieved successfully as in women and men are treated equally. First, educational attainments are the most common issue in the past while women do not have the opportunities to study. Education is very important to everyone regardless of gender. It is essential to promote equality of job opportunities and strengthen the economic growth by investing the formal education. Therefore, now the female enrolment in education has been increased because people realise that education is not only for men but women too. Women had improved the productivity and they have a greater ability to further develop their knowledge and skills throughout their lives. When women have the opportunity to obtain education, there will be a better balance in the gender composition of teachers and the endorsement of female role models in professions in the future.
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Many of us think of the traditional gender roles for both genders as in only men have the power and ability to be a leader or more job opportunities and women are always associated with child or caring professions. The segregation of jobs is linked with traditions and stereotypes. Only men can be a leader? Only men have the strong body to work? No, women can also do anything that men can do. Everyone has the equal responsibilities and abilities to gain the opportunities to participate in every aspect, in the economy and society. Therefore, nowadays women are more independent than the men as to compare with the olden days. Women have more freedom like releasing out from prison because now they are given the opportunity to lead to an independent life, free to choose what they want, free to choose the jobs and also free to participate in decision-making. That is what they have been freed from discrimination.
In the contemporary society, many of the traditional behaviours expected of men are becoming less emphasized. Men are expected to be strong and should not express the emotional fragility. That is the old concept and untrue statement. Now men are more willingly to share their feelings, express their fears and crying is not a shame for men because everyone has emotions, happy and sad. Throughout the history, men have the responsibility to provide for the family. They are not only providing for the family but also protect them from poverty and take care of their needs. Men are always assume as being the main provider and the main protector of a family as in the head of household. On the contrary, the world has developed rapidly and brought a lot of changes into the traditional roles of men. Now the men are expected to take over the duties of a housewife. They are also taking more responsibility for their children’s care, which includes managing child care arrangements to have an equal share of child care responsibilities with women. It has clearly became more socially acceptable for men to involve in child care, cooking and doing all the house chores as to compare to the past.
In the conclusion, equality between female and male is a matter of human rights and social justice. The perceptions, interests and priorities of both genders have to be taken into consideration because all these are necessary to enrich development processes. Everything is not “only male” and “only female” because both genders have the equal potential to be valuable. Now, we have balanced up our mind, generations and judgements as to compare to the olden days. We believe that more gender diversity would help to promote innovation and a fairer growth in the future. Therefore, gender equality had been achieved in the contemporary society because nowadays we are more focus on gender equality, the fair treatment for everyone, male and female as in the society has changed the old concept, old thinking, old system and started to approach to a new concept of living style.
Name : Yip Kar Yan
Student ID : 12025607
Group : 6