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Can you write these 2 art history questions? i uploaded 2 pictures

Can you write these 2 art history questions? I uploaded 2 pictures for this question

 

I uploaded two pictures, see the picture files and focus on only this pic that is the topic of this art.

And all answers are should be separated!!

 

The words should be 80-150 words each section. No plagiarism!

 

 

 

1. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, from Rome, Italy

 

1. Description  describe what you see- imagine that the person you are describing it to is not there or is blind.  How will you make the work of art visible through verbal description?

 

 

 

2. Summary this text – summarize this text what i wrote on this question!! you think are the most important pieces of information that you gleaned from the textbook- read the book closely and put it in your own words.

 

 – Summary this -> 

 JUNIUS BASSUS SARCOPHAGUS Another pagan convert to Christianity was the city prefect of Rome, Junius Bassus, who, according to the inscription on his sarcophagus (FIG. 8-7), was baptized just before he died in 359. The sarcophagus is of eclectic format—decorated only on three sides in the western Roman manner (see Chapter 7), but divided into two registers of five compartments, each framed by columns in the tradition of Asiatic sarcophagi (FIG. 7-61). In contrast to the Santa Maria Antiqua sarcophagus (FIG. 8-6), the deceased does not appear on the body of the coffin. Instead, stories from the Old and New Testaments fill the niches. Christ has pride of place and appears in the central compartment of each register: as a teacher enthroned between his chief apostles, Saints Peter and Paul (above), and triumphantly entering Jerusalem on a donkey (below). Appropriately, the sculptor placed the scene of Christ’s heavenly triumph above that of his earthly triumph. Both compositions owe a great deal to official Roman art. In the center of the upper zone, Christ, like an enthroned Roman emperor, sits above a personification of the sky god holding a billowing mantle over his head, indicating that Christ is ruler of the universe. The scene below derives from portrayals of Roman emperors entering cities on horseback, but Christ’s steed and the absence of imperial attributes contrast sharply with the imperial models the sculptor used as compositional sources. All of the Old Testament scenes on the Junius Bassus sarcophagus are precursors of New Testament events (see “Jewish Subjects in Christian Art,” page 213). Adam and Eve, for example, are in the second niche from the left on the lower level. Their Original Sin of eating the apple in the Garden of Eden ultimately necessitated Christ’s sacrifice for the salvation of humankind. To the right of the entry into Jerusalem is Daniel, unscathed by flanking lions, saved by his faith. At the upper left, Abraham is about to sacrifice Isaac. Christians believe this Old Testament story was a prefiguration of God’s sacrifice of his own son, Jesus. The Crucifixion itself, however, does not appear on the Junius Bassus sarcophagus. Indeed, the subject was very rare in Early Christian art and unknown prior to the fifth century. Artists emphasized Christ’s divinity and exemplary life as teacher and miracle worker, not his suffering and death at the hands of the Romans. This sculptor, however, alluded to the Crucifixion in the scenes in the two niches at the upper right depicting Jesus being led before Pontius Pilate for judgment. The Romans condemned Jesus to death, but he triumphantly overcame it. Junius Bassus and other Christians, whether they were converts from paganism or from Judaism, hoped for a similar salvation.

 

 

3. Research– go online and find additional information about the image and provide the links for that information for your peers. Make sure to summarize and do not simply cut and paste or give us just the URLs.

 

 

4. Contemporary Culture– relate the theme to something that you find in our current visual vernacular on popular culture-  Why is this image relevant today?

 

 

 

Second question.

 

2. Pantokrator, Theotokos and Child, angels, and saints, apse mosaic in the cathedral at Monreale (Sicily), Italy, ca. 1180–1190.

 

 

 

 

 

1. Description–  describe what you see- imagine that the person you are describing it to is not there or is blind.  How will you make the work of art visible through verbal description?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Summary this text – summarize this text what i wrote on this question!! you think are the most important pieces of information that you gleaned from the textbook- read the book closely and put it in your own words.

<summary this>-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The apse mosaics (FIG. 9-25) are especially impressive. The image of Christ as Pantokrator, as ruler and judge of Heaven and Earth, is in the vault. It served also as a colossal allusion to William’s kingly power and a challenge to all who would dispute the royal right. In Byzantium proper, the Pantokrator’s image usually appears in the main dome of centralized churches such as those at Daphni (FIG. 9-1) and Hosios Loukas (FIG. 9-22), but the Greek churches are monastic churches and were not built for the glorification of monarchs. Monreale, moreover, is a basilica—longitudinally planned in the Western tradition. The semidome of the apse, the only vault in the building and its architectural focus, was the most conspicuous place for the vast image with its political overtones. Below the Pantokrator in rank and dignity, the enthroned Theotokos is flanked by archangels and the 12 apostles, symmetrically arranged in balanced groups. Lower on the wall (and less elevated in the hierarchy) are popes, bishops, and other saints. The artists observed the stern formalities of Byzantine style here, far from Constantinople. The Monreale mosaics, like those at Saint Mark’s (FIG. 9-24) in Venice, testify to the stature of Byzantium and of Byzantine art in medieval Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Research– go online and find additional information about the image and provide the links for that information for your peers. Make sure to summarize and do not simply cut and paste or give us just the URLs.

 

 

 

 

 

4. Contemporary Culture– relate the theme to something that you find in our current visual vernacular on popular culture-  Why is this image relevant today?

 

 

 

 

 

QUICK QUOTE

Approximately 250 words